BODY aims at exploring cultural differences concerning health, gender, sexuality, disability and body - analysing how these differences affect the work of adult trainers: how they can become barriers for participation in adult education activities, but also how they can become a source of learning and discovery. The online TOOL wants to visually show you examples of Best Practices to overcome situations of Critical Incidents by providing a Theory Reader (anthologies and bibliography) as recommended readings to get background information on cultural differences concerning the body themes.

The concept of health is recognized as one of the most significant areas of intercultural differences - and thereby also a source of many interpretations, preconceptions and misunderstandings. Mental health may, for instance, be interpreted differently in different cultures. There may also be different rules and taboos for the articulation of the body and body parts. Such differences may influence a lot on adult training as well as the professional practice within most “human” professions.

The concept of Gender distinguishes between biological and social sex. Stressing on characteristics, attitudes and behaviours linked with femininity and masculinity. The roles linked to Gender change through times and cultures but also according to age, disability, class, political status, sexual orientation, etc. BODY fosters the concept that individuals don't fit the opposite standards that do not respect their individuality as human beings.

Human sexuality, as deeply connected to the body and its biological functions, is often considered to be universal and treated as a natural phenomenon. If we start to deconstruct the different elements of sexuality from gender, emotions, social interactions, relationships, sexual habits and orientations, different sexual practices even to the interpretation of erotic desire, the meaning or use of the body, it turns out everything around human sexuality is deeply determined by culture.

The concept disability implies a great variety of disabilities that all have their own characteristics, needs and ways of approach. So we can already view these different groups from an intercultural perspective. The key to successfully dealing with disability lies in the understanding that the differences, within a smaller and larger intercultural context, have to be acknowledged before inclusion can be achieved.

An intercultural approach to understand the body makes it possible, not only to realize the ways in which concepts of the body are different in other cultures, but also to develop a certain relativity with regards to concepts of the body within one’s own culture. The body can serve as a cultural canvas, reflecting the values and norms of a society, yet able to be redefined and repurposed by the individual.